Planning deals with today's problems and tomorrow's challenges. As communities' goals are constantly changing, we have to review and update plans to meet current circumstances. That is why planning is necessary, and what makes it challenging and exciting
The web of human activities relies on the use of land, one of our most valuable and limited natural resources. It also uses many other important resources - oil and energy, water, the air and minerals. Many of these resources are not renewable and need to be managed and used very carefully. Planning is a way of managing resources as we move towards the future.
Planning is not new, although it has not always taken the same form. In the early days there were "grand plans" for the building and redevelopment of cities. In the 1960s, global concerns about scarcity of resources and damage to the environment led to an emphasis on different matters - particularly on planning for the use of land, soil and water. Because these resources are of concern to everyone, planning became a process involving the public in deciding policies and controls, which then applied to the community as a whole.
Planning is concerned with the physical aspects of the natural and built environment, it also tries to create employment opportunities, to provide a choice of housing types and locations, and to encourage good urban design and urban renewal. Planning allows society to make decisions between alternatives and to balance the interests of different groups.
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